What is PIMCO’s Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Investment Approach?
Investment opportunities in emerging markets (EM) corporate bonds have expanded dramatically in recent years. Governments across the developing world have sought to shift their economies to a higher growth plane by facilitating increased investment in key sectors, allowing private investments in formerly state-owned companies and supporting the growth of privately held companies. As a result, the EM corporates market has deepened in size and attracted more investor interest, and is now offering investment opportunities in many sectors like energy, metals and mining, transportation, telecommunications, social housing and banking, among others. The PIMCO Emerging Markets Corporate Bond Strategy aims to benefit from this development.
PIMCO’s process for investing in emerging markets corporate bonds takes place within the context of our robust emerging market investment framework. Sovereign research forms the foundation for this framework and, consistent with the firm’s overall investment philosophy, our approach begins with a secular analysis of the global economy. We then employ a multi-step process for analyzing sovereigns. First, we identify countries with strong, underlying credit fundamentals (including strong fiscal positions, stable/improving political situations, comfortable reserve levels, and debt profiles that can withstand financial shocks, among others). Second, we consider the impact of our global outlook on these countries, including prospects for demand from advanced economies, commodity prices, interest rate trends and other components of the external environment. Finally, we evaluate the technical conditions of the market to identify both the upside and the imbalances that could potentially lead to market dislocations in a given country.
Within those countries favored by our sovereign research process, we leverage PIMCO’s credit research capabilities. This entails industry analysis wherein credit analysts and portfolio managers work together to identify those sectors which are likely to benefit from either explicit or implicit sovereign support or where there is an important and identified structural shortage which will be fulfilled by the sector. Individual issuer and issue analysis complement the industry assessment. Fundamental, entity specific analysis is one of the most critical components of our corporate bond investment approach and entails evaluation of the company or project’s viability; management’s capability; potential operational and financing challenges; and other technical risks. Issue specific factors such as guarantees, concessions, and covenants are likewise taken into account.
This disciplined multifaceted framework provides the basis for our country, industry, and issuers’ weightings, duration, curve, currency and instrument selection decisions, as well as relative value assessments. By emphasizing high quality countries and sectors strongly positioned for growth, often of systemic importance for the government, it helps us in our effort to optimize the set of strategies for a given investment environment while seeking to limit downside risk.